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ST601 Lecture Outlines

© R. S. Clark, 2003

 Course Overview

I. Introduction

II. Trinity and Being

III. Pactum Salutis

IV. Perfections (Attributes)

V. Decree

VI. Providence

Lecture 1: Introduction

A. The Nature of This Course

B. The Languages of this Course

C. The Purposes of This Course

D. The Requirement of this Course

I. Prolegomena

A. Orthodox Reformed God Talk

1. Theologia Archetypa

2. Theologia Ectypa

3. Theologia Viatorum et Beatorum

4. Clark's Definition

B. Practical Uses of the Classical Reformed Definitions

Lecture 2: Trinity

I. The God Who Exists in Three Persons

A. Introduction:

1. Why is the Trinity Important?
2. It is Catholic Dogma (Apostles' Creed, Nicene Creed, Athanasian Creed, Definition of Chalcedon)

B. Statement of the Doctrine

C. The Doctrine of the Trinity Makes us Christian

1. v. Judaism
2. v. Islam
3. v. Modernity
4. v. Postmodernity

D. The Trinity is a Necessary Mystery

II. The Necessity of the Trinity: Exposition of the Biblical Doctrine

A. The Divine Unity

1. Deut 6:4
2. Mal 2:10
3. Rom 3:29-30
4. 1 Cor 8:6
5. Eph 4:4-6
6. 1 Tim 2:5-6
7. James 2:19

B. Because God is a Unity, his acts and revelation are unified

C. The Trinity in the Bible: OT

1. Gen 1:2
3. Gen 1:26
3. Gen 11:17
4. Angel of Yahweh

a. Gen 16:9-13
b. Ex 3.2-7, 11
c. Ex 24:9-11 -> Heb 12:18-24

5. Psalm 110 -> Acts 2:34-5

D. The Trinity in the Bible: NT

1. John 1:1
2. John 3:8
3. Mt 28.18-20
4. 2 Corinthians 13.14
5. Biblicism is not enough!

E. The Mystery of the Trinity

1. Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed 381
2. Athanasian Creed ca. 7th c
3. Christianity is a Revealed Religion
4. We apprehend rather than comprehend the Trinity
5. We distinguish between the ontological and economic Trinity
6. God is one substance in three subsistences

a. The Father is Unbegotten
b. The Son is eternally begotten of the Father
c. The Spirit proceeds eternally from the Father and the Son (Filioque)

7. There is a Perichoresis within (immanent) God

II. Response to Modernity

A. The Rationalist Reaction
B. Most Common Heresies

1. Modalism

a. Dynamic Monarchianism
b. Monarchianism

2. The "Jesus Only" Movement (T D Jakes)

Lecture 2: The Pactum Salutis


A. Preliminary Definition:
B. Obiectiones & Responsio
C. The Theological Motives of the Pactum Salutis

I. Exegetical Theology

A. Classic Proofs

1. Zech 6:12-13
2. John 6:35-44 (below)
3.Psalm 110.4. Isa 53:10-11

B. General NT Considerations

1. Gal 3:19-20 (see below)
2. 1 Tim 2:5 (vv.3-6)
3. Heb 8:6 (vv.5-7)
4. Heb 9:15

C. The Synoptic Theology of the Pactum
D. The Johannine Theology of the Pactum
E. The Pauline Theology of the Pactum
F. The Pactum Salutis in Hebrews

II. Historical Theology

A. 16th Century

1. Oecolampadius
2. Olevian
3. Ursinus

B. 17th Century

2. Cocceius
3. Witsius
4. Turretin
5. Van Mastricht

C. 18th Century

1. Thomas Boston
2. Edwards

D. 19th Century

1. Schleiermacher
2. Charles Hodge
3. A. A. Hodge
4. WGT Shedd

E. 20th Century

1. W. Hermann
2. Karl Barth
3. Louis Berkhof
4. Otto Weber
5. John Murray
6. Wayne Grudem
7. R. Reymond

III. Dogmatic Theology

A. The Promise of the Father
B. The Submission of the Son (Christocentrism)
C. The Ministry of the Spirit
D. The Necessity of the Pactum
E. The Relations of the Pactum to the Covenant of Works and the Covenant of Grace
F. The Pactum and the Gospel

Lecture 3: Perfections (Attributes) and Existence of God

I. Ontological/Incommunicable

A. Simplicity
B. Spirit
C. Aseity
D. Eternity
E. Immensity (see A Meditation on Divine Immensity)
F. Immutability
G. Incomprehensibility
H. Infinity
I. Omniscience
J. Omnipotence
K. Sovereignty

II. Moral/Communicable

A. Goodness
B. Holiness
C. Love
D. Mercy
E. Patience
F. Truth
G. Wisdom
H. Justice

III. A Response to Open Theism

A. Evangelicals and Modernity

1. Modernity Defined
2. Evangelical Defined

a. Openness as Evangelicalism Come to Its Own
b. Process Theology and the Evangelical Megashift
c. Helenism v. Hebraism

B. God in the Hands of Angry Boomers

1. The Evangelical Megashift
2. The Mind of God

C. The Neo-Evangelical Remonstrants

1. Clark Pinnock

a. His Bio
b. His Open Theism

2. Greg Boyd
3. The Response

a. The Hermeneutical Problem

1. The "Mutability" Passages
2. The "Immutability" Passages

b. Propositions v. Narrative
c. Muller's Test Case: Mal 3.6-7

4. Theses Against Open Theism

IV. The Necessity of God's Existence

A. Being (Ens et Deus…Ens Realissimum)

B. Revealed

1. Generally (Law) Romans 1-2
2. In SS (Law & Gospel)
3.The God of the Bible: OT

b. Adon
c. El Shaddai
d. Yahweh
e. Yahweh Tsidkenu
f. Yahweh Shabaoth
g. Qadosh Yisrael

4.The God of the Bible:

V. Historical Theology

A. The Doctrine of God in the Church

1.Anti-Gnostic Fathers
2.Early Latin Theology

a. Tertullian (c.160-c.225)
b. Augustine (354-430)

3.The Doctrine of God in the Alexandrian Fathers

a. Clement of Alexandria (c150-215)
b. Origen (c185-c.254)

B. Medieval Theology

1.Anselm (c.1033-1109)
2.Thomas Aquinas (1225-74)
3.Ockham (c.1285-1437) and Duns Scotus (1265-1308)

C. Reformation Doctrine of God

1. Luther: Deus absconditus, Deus revelatus
2. Calvin

D. Protestant Scholasticism
E. The Modern God (God in the Hands of Angry Sinners)

3.God Becoming

a. Death of God
b. Liberation Theology
c. Theology of Hope
d. Theology of the Future

4. Response to God Becoming

VI. God's Being is Logically Necessary

Lecture 5: The Decree


A. Controversies
B. Definition
C. Distinctions

1. Opera ad intra

a. Opera per se
b. Opera personalia

1. Eternal Filiation
2. Eternal Spiration

2. Opera ad extra

D. Biblical Teaching

1. Gen 1.1
2. "Counsel"
3. NT Teaching

a. Lk 10.21
b. Acts 2. 23, 33; 4.27; 13.36
c. John 5.30
d. Gal 1.4
e. Eph 1.11
f. Rev 4.11

E. Theological Conclusions

1.One Decree
2. Free
3. Opera ad extra

a. The elect in Christ
b. The agency

4. Executed by God in Historia Salutis
5. Eternal, Immutable, Just, Merciful
6. Unconditioned
7. Permissive relative to sin
8. The Decree and God's Knowledge
9. Liberum arbitrium
10. Sapientia Dei
11. The Logical Order of the Decrees

a. Supralapsarianism
b. Infralapsarianism

F. Implications

1. Decree Not Confused with Administration

a. Historia Salutis
b. Ordo Saluis

2. God Who Decrees the end decrees the agency/instrument/means

a. Hence The Free Offer of the Gospel
b. Hence the media gratiae

G. Confessional Doctrine

Lecture 6: Creation and Providence

I. Introduction

A. The Creation Controversy
B. The Common Grace Controversy
C. Traditional American Paganism
D. Hyper-Spirituality

II. Exegetical Theology

A. God's Name is Providence
B. Mt 6.26; 10.29-30
C. Ps 104. 27-30
D. Romans 13.14
E. Omnipotent Sovereign Power (Nu 11.23)

III. Dogmatic Theology

A. Creatio Continuata

1. Providence and Creation
2. Creativity ex nihilo
3. Sustaining Creation
4. Definition

B. Providence

1. Definition
2. Actual and Temporal Administration of the world
3. Execution of the Decree in History
4. Triplex Actus

a. Preservatio
b. Concursus
c. Gubernatio

5. Miracles/Extraordinary Providences
6. General and Special Providence
7. Necessity and Contingency
8. Absolute and Consequent Necessity
9. God and Other Wills
10. Active and Permissive Efficacy
11. Contra False Distinctions in God's Knowledge
12. Contra Fate

C. The Trinity and Providence
D. Secondary Arguments for Providence
E. Benefits of the Doctrine

V. Confessional Theology

C. HC 26-28